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标题

磁州窑观台窑址不同时期绿釉器原料来源的PIXE分析

作者

李融武 杨大伟 赵学锋 张丽萍 李江 李国霞 承焕生

机构

北京师范大学物理学系 河南广播电视大学 中国磁州窑博物馆 郑州大学物理工程学院 复旦大学现代物理研究所

摘要

磁州窑是宋、金、元时期北方最著名的民间窑场之一,其烧制的以铅为助溶剂的氧化铜绿釉器装饰技法和装饰品种丰富多彩.为了解不同时期绿釉器的原料来源和配方,以及它们之间的关系,用质子激发X射线荧光分析(PIXE)技术无损测定磁州窑观台窑址不同时期11个样品胎、釉的化学组成,对这些数据分别进行模糊聚类分析,结果表明:多数宋金时期绿釉器胎样品的胎料来源相对比较集中;多数金代绿釉器胎样品的胎料来源相对比较分散;多数金代绿釉器样品的釉料来源相对比较集中,配方变化相对较小;多数宋金时期绿釉器样品的釉料来源相对有些分散,配方变化比较多;护胎酱釉的釉料来源和绿釉明显不同.

关键词

磁州窑观台窑址; 绿釉器; 化学组成; 原料来源和配方; 模糊聚类分析;

引用

李融武 杨大伟 赵学锋 张丽萍 李江 李国霞 承焕生 . 磁州窑观台窑址不同时期绿釉器原料来源的PIXE分析[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 51(1) : 32-25

基金

国家自然科学基金资助项目(51172212,50772101);河南省基础与前沿技术研究计划资助项目(102300410168)

分类号

K876.3;TQ174.1;O159

DOI

10.16360j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.01.008

Title

Raw Material Source PIXE Analysis of Green-Glazed Wares from Different Time Periods at the Cizhou Kiln Guantai Site

Author

LI Rongwu YANG Dawei ZHAO Xuefeng ZHANG Liping LI Jiang LI Guoxia CHENG Huansheng

Affiliations

Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University Henan Radio & Television University Chinese Cizhou kiln museum Faculty of Physical Engineering, Zhengzhou University Institute of Modern Physics, Fudan University

Abstract

Cizhou folk kilns are most famous in north China during the Song, Jin and Yuan dynasties. The green-glazed wares from these kilns were made with lead-based co-solvent enhanced copper-oxide. They were best known for their vast varieties of decorative techniques and decorative products. In order to explore the raw material sources and formulae of these green-glazed wares, 11 green-glazed ware samples were tested for their body and glaze chemical compositions by non-destructive proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE). Fuzzy cluster analysis was applied to correlate these samples. Data indicated that the raw material sources for most body samples of green-glazed ware in Song-Jin period are relatively concentrated and those for Jin dynasty relatively dispersed. The raw material sources for most glaze samples of Jin dynasty are relatively concentrated and the formulae do not change much. The raw material sources for most glaze samples of Song-Jin period are relatively dispersed and the formulae vary quite a lot. The raw material sources of the inner glaze samples are quite different from those of the green glaze samples.

Key words

Cizhou kiln Guantai site, green-glazed ware, chemical composition, raw material sources and formulae, fuzzy cluster analysis

cite

LI Rongwu, YANG Dawei, ZHAO Xuefeng, ZHANG Liping, LI Jiang, LI Guoxia, CHENG Huansheng. Raw Material Source PIXE Analysis of Green-Glazed Wares from Different Time Periods at the Cizhou Kiln Guantai Site[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science), 2015, 51(1) : 32-35

DOI

10.16360j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.01.008

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn