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标题

基于LEAP的北京城市客运体系CO2减排潜力评估

作者

杨柳 韩兆兴 林洁 徐洪磊 衷平 张帆 沈珍瑶

机构

交通运输部规划研究院 清华大学环境学院 北京师范大学环境学院

摘要

以北京为例,采用情景分析与LEAP模型相结合方法,估算了各项低碳交通发展政策的减排贡献及不同政策组合情景下城市客运体系的CO2减排潜力。结果表明,2015年基准、减排和强化减排情景的城市客运体系CO2排放量分别为2693.6万t、2491.0万t和2309.5万t;2020年分别为3222.7万t、2852.0万t和2531.8万t。在现行各项低碳交通政策措施中,近期机动车尾号限行和小客车限购的CO2减排潜力最大,其次为轨道交通建设、公共自行车租赁、高速公路不停车收费系统建设和新能源小客车推广等;远期小客车限购的减排贡献显著高于其他政策措施,其次为高速公路不停车收费系统建设、机动车尾号限行和轨道交通建设。机动车单双号限行、更严格的小客车限购、轨道交通线路扩容、私家车节能改造和公共汽电车车型换代同样蕴含着巨大的减排潜力。

关键词

减排潜力;城市客运;LEAP模型;情景分析

引用

杨柳 韩兆兴 林洁 徐洪磊 衷平 张帆 沈珍瑶. 基于LEAP的北京城市客运体系CO2减排潜力评估[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 51(2) : 164-170

基金

 

分类号

X323

DOI

10.16360j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.02.012

Title

Evaluating reduction potential of CO2 emission from urban passenger transport system in Beijing by LEAP model

Author

YANG Liu HAN Zhaoxing LIN Jie XU Honglei ZHONG Ping ZHANG Fan SHEN Zhenyao

Affiliations

Transport Planning and Research Institute, The Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China School of Environment, Tsinghua University School of Environment, Beijing Normal University

Abstract

Potential for reduction in CO2 emission from urban passenger transport system in Beijing was calculated by Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning Model (LEAP) from 2010-2020. Modeling revealed that CO2 emissions were significantly influenced by mode of low-carbon policy. In 2015, CO2 emissions were 2.69×107, 2.49×107 and 2.31×107 t in baseline, mitigation and intensive mitigation scenarios, respectively. In 2020, CO2 emissions will increase to 3.22×107, 2.85×107 and 2.53×107 t in the above three scenarios, respectively. CO2 reduction potential of each low-carbon policy was also calculated by LEAP. From 2010-2015, vehicle restriction contributed the largest part of reduction in CO2 emission, followed by quantity control of small passenger vehicles. From 2010-2020, the greatest potential would be quantity control of small passenger vehicles, which was much larger than other low-carbon policies. Potentials of electronic toll collection, vehicle restriction rule and rail transit development were in the second rank. In addition, CO2 emission from urban passenger transit system could be further decreased with more stringent low-carbon policies, such as odd-even number vehicle ban, stricter quantity control of small passenger vehicles, capacity expansion of rail transit and energy-saving modification of car and buses.

Key words

reduction potentials; urban passenger transport; LEAP model; scenario analysis

cite

YANG Liu HAN Zhaoxing LIN Jie XU Honglei ZHONG Ping ZHANG Fan SHEN Zhenyao. Evaluating reduction potential of CO2 emission from urban passenger transport system in Beijing by LEAP model[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science), 2015, 51(2) : 164-170

DOI

10.16360j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.02.012

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn