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标题

风暴潮灾害受灾人口与直接经济损失评估方法研究进展

作者

王志强 陈思宇 吕雪锋 麻楠楠

机构

民政部国家减灾中心/民政部卫星减灾应用中心 民政部减灾和应急工程重点实验室 民政部灾害评估与风险防范重点实验室 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院

摘要

基于风暴潮致灾和成灾过程,分别对风暴潮灾害受灾人口与直接经济损失评估方法进行了综述.总体上看,国内外已建立多种风暴潮受灾人口和直接经济损失的评估方法,并开发了一些业务化评估系统.但国内风暴潮灾害损失评估所需数据比较缺乏,评估方法多是对潮灾损失与影响因素间的线性关系分析,对灾情的模拟评估较少,评估结果实用性较低.风暴潮灾情的评估应增强对历史灾情数据、现场调查数据、遥感数据和保险公司业务等数据源的融合和综合利用,加强对承灾体脆弱性定量评估的研究,通过建立风暴潮巨灾模型系统,实现对风暴潮灾情的实时动态可视化评估.

关键词

风暴潮; 直接经济损失; 受灾人口; 灾害损失评估

引用

王志强 陈思宇 吕雪锋 麻楠楠. 风暴潮灾害受灾人口与直接经济损失评估方法研究进展[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 51(3) : 274-279

基金

国家海洋公益性行业科研专项基金资助项目(201305020); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41001059)

分类号

P954

DOI

10.16360j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.03.010

Title

A review on evaluating hazard-affected population and direct economic losses by storm surge

Author

WANG Zhiqiang CHEN Siyu LV Xuefeng MA Nannan

Affiliations

National Disaster Reduction Center/Satellite Application Center for Disaster Reduction of Ministry of Civil Affairs Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Response Engineering of Ministry of Civil Affairs Key Laboratory of Integrated Disaster Assessment and Risk Governance of Ministry of Civil Affairs School of Geography, Beijing Normal University

Abstract

Affected population and direct economic loss were evaluated based on storm surge disaster process, the advantages and disadvantages of various evaluation methods as well as their applications were reviewed. A variety of assessment methods for evaluating storm surge-affected population and direct economic losses at home and abroad exist, but domestic storm surge loss evaluation lacks relevant data, and damage assessment methods are mostly linear relationship between storm surge disaster loss and its influencing factors, few concerns disaster simulation assessment. In the future, it is necessary to strengthen data source coordination and comprehensive utilization, such as historical disaster data, field survey data, remote sensing data and insurance company business data, and to increase vulnerability assessment studies for quantitative hazard bearing body. In addition, it is important to combine evaluation methods with GIS technology to develop dynamic and visual disaster evaluation systems based on disaster simulation, to assess storm surge disaster loss comprehensively, timely and accurately.

Key words

storm surge; direct economic loss; hazard-affected population; disaster evaluation

cite

WANG Zhiqiang CHEN Siyu LV Xuefeng MA Nannan. A review on evaluating hazard-affected population and direct economic losses by storm surge[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science), 2015, 51(3) : 274-279

DOI

10.16360j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.03.010

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn