首页    编委会    编辑部    历任主编    获奖信息    征稿简则    友情链接    English    旧版主页
  在线期刊
       最新录用
       当期目次
       过刊浏览

  下载专区
       版权协议
       征稿范文
       来稿登记表
       录用证明

  联系我们

投稿e-mail: jbnuns_sub@bnu.edu.cn

主编e-mail: jbnuns_eic@bnu.edu.cn

办公地点:北京师范大学 科技楼A区216,218,220室

电话:(010)58807851,58802050,58807872

传真:(010)58807851

通信处:北京市海淀区新街口外大街19号北京师范大学理科学报编辑部

邮政编码:100875

行政e-mail: jbnuns@bnu.edu.cn

本网站暂不提供全文下载,如需全文下载请点击

中国知网

 

标题

北京市夏季大气气溶胶PM2.5和PM10成分特征

作者

徐亚 仇猛淋 郑晨龙 田 平 王广甫 张仁健

机构

北京师范大学核科学与技术学院射线束技术与材料改性教育部重点实验室; 北京市辐射中心; 中国科学院大气物理研究所东亚区域气候-环境重点实验室

摘要

对北京市城区2012年夏季大气对气溶胶进行每日PM2.5和PM10石英膜采样,得到了其称重质量浓度、可溶性离子质量浓度和16种元素的质量浓度,并结合气象观测值进行了分析。结果显示,采样期间,PM2.5质量浓度为9.58 µg•m-3~210.42 µg•m-3,平均值102.81 µg•m-3;PM10质量浓度为33.75 µg•m-3~288.33 µg•m-3,平均值159.66 µg•m-3。PM2.5和PM10质量浓度都与采样点能见度、风速呈负相关,与相对湿度呈正相关。质子荧光分析(PIXE)结果显示,S、K、Ca和Fe在PIXE可分析元素中含量较高,在PM2.5和PM10都占89%。且元素Ca、Ti、Sc、Cr、Fe主要存在于粗粒子(PM2.5-10)中,而元素S、Cu、Zn、As、Br、Pb主要存在于细粒子(PM2.5)中。富集因子分析表明,元素K、Ca、Ti、V、Mn、Ni主要为地壳来源,元素S、Cl、Cu、Zn、As、Br、Pb主要来自于人为源。SO42-、NO3-、NH4+三种可溶性离子总质量浓度占PM2.5浓度的43.5%,占PM10浓度的25.4%.

关键词

北京;夏季气溶胶;PM2.5;PM10;可溶性离子

引用

徐亚,仇猛淋,郑晨龙,田平,王广甫,张仁健. 北京市夏季大气气溶胶PM_(2.5)和PM_(10)成分特征[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2015,04:362-367.

基金

北京市自然科学基金资助项目(1142006); 国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项基金资助项目(2012YQ180118)

分类号

X513, X823

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.04.007

Title

Atmospheric Aerosol Compositions of PM2.5 and PM10 in Summer in Beijing, China

Author

XU Ya, QIU Menglin, ZHENG Chenlong, TIAN Ping, WANG Guangfu, ZHANG Renjian

Affiliations

College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Material Modification Ministry of Education; Beijing Radiation Center; Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment Research for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Abstract

Daily atmospheric aerosol PM2.5 and PM10 were sampled on quartz films in urban Beijing in the summer of 2012. Mass concentration, water-soluble ionic composition, concentration and enrichment factors of 16 elements were investigated. The correlation between meteorological conditions and aerosol concentrations were investigated. The weighted mass concentration of PM2.5 was found to be from 9.58 - 210.42 µg.m-3, with an average value of 102.81 µg.m-3. The weighted PM10 mass concentration was found to be from 33.75 - 288.33 µg.m-3,with an average value of 159.66 µg.m-3. Both PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations showed inverse correlation with visibility and wind speed, but positive correlation with relative humidity. PIXE analysis showed that the total mass of elements S, K, Ca and Fe accounted for 89% in PM2.5 and PM10. Elements Ca, Ti, Sc, Cr and Fe mainly remained in coarse particles, but elements S, Cu, Zn, As, B and Pb were mainly present in fine particles. Enrichment factor analysis indicated that elements K, Ca, Ti, V, Mn and Ni were largely from crustal sources, whilst elements S, Cl, Cu, Zn, As, Br and Pb were largely from anthropogenic sources. Ions SO42-, NO3- and NH4+ dominated the dissolved ionic components, occupying 43.5% and 25.4% respectively of total mass concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10.

Key words

Beijing; summer aerosol; particulate matter PM2.5; particulate matter PM10; water-soluble ions

cite

XU Ya, QIU Menglin, ZHENG Chenlong, TIAN Ping, WANG Guangfu, ZHANG Renjian. Atmospheric aerosol compositions of PM2.5 and PM10 in summer in Beijing, China[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science),2015,04:362-367.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.04.007

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn