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标题

东北梅花鹿种群活动节律和集群行为研究

作者

黄沛琳 肖文宏 杨海涛 周 博 赵小丹 武红艳 冯利民 王天明

机构

北京师范大学生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室,北京师范大学生命科学学院

摘要

活动节律和集群行为是评价野生动物种群状态的重要参数.本研究自2012年11月至2013年12月在吉林 珲春国家级自然保护区利用红外相机陷阱法对东北梅花鹿(Cervusnipponmantchuricus)种群的活动节律和集群行为进 行了研究.结果表明东北梅花鹿全年日活动节律具有明显的双峰趋势,主要在晨昏前后活动,且日活动节律存在明显的 季节性变化,春夏两季的活动强度较大,秋季次之,冬季的活动强度最小且持续时间最短;监测期内梅花鹿的平均集群大 小为(1.42±0.03)只,集群大小和集群类型出现的频次在全年及各个季节间存在极显著差异,其中,1~2个个体出现的 频次最高,主要集群类型为雌性单个个体和雄性单个个体,其次为雌性群和母子群.梅花鹿的行为表现差异受生活史特 征、气温、日照长度和人类活动的季节性变化等环境条件的综合影响.

关键词

东北梅花鹿;相机陷阱;日活动节律;集群行为;吉林珲春国家级自然保护区

引用

黄沛琳,肖文宏,杨海涛,周 博,赵小丹,武红艳,冯利民,王天明. 东北梅花鹿种群活动节律和集群行为研究[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2015,51(5):498-503.

基金

国家自然科学基金资助项目(31270567,31200410);科技部基础性工作专项基金资助项目(2012FY112000)

分类号

Q958.1

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.05.012

Title

Activity patterns and group behaviors of sika deer (Cervus nippon mantchuricus)

Author

HUANG Peilin, XIAO Wenhong, YANG Haitao, ZHOU Bo, ZHAO Xiaodan, WU Hongyan, FENG Limin, WANG Tianming

Affiliations

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University

Abstract

Activity patterns and group behaviors are important parameters in wildlife population. According to continuous camera-trap monitoring from Nov. 2012 to Dec. 2013 at Hunchun National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province, activity patterns and group behaviors of sika deer (Cervus nippon mantchuricus) (as two attributes of community behaviors) were identified. It was found that the activity patterns of sika deer showed a bimodal form, more active at dawn and dusk. Significant discrepancy of the diurnal behavior in different seasons shows that the community is more active in spring and summer, but lowest with shortest duration in winter. The average group size of sika deer is around (1.42 ± 0.03)and the types, sizes and frequencies of grouping vary seasonally. The most frequent assemblage is 1-2 individuals with the types of assemblage mainly including individual female, individual male, grouping females and mother-offspring group. Different behaviors are probably the results of environmental influences, including life history traits, temperature, duration of day and human activities.

Key words

Sika deer; Cervus nippon mantchuricus; camera traps; activity pattern; group pattern; Hunchun Nature Reserve

cite

HUANG Peilin, XIAO Wenhong, YANG Haitao, ZHOU Bo, ZHAO Xiaodan, WU Hongyan, FENG Limin, WANG Tianming. Activity patterns and group behaviors of sika deer (Cervus nippon mantchuricus)[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science),2015,51(5):498-503.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2015.05.012

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn