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标题

西部大开发前后陕西省可持续发展状态评价

作者

苏美娜 蒋欣芸 张婧 李强

机构

北京师范大学资源学院

摘要

选取西部大开发前后的1995-2010年为特征时间段,采用基于层次分析法的可持续发展评价指标体系,研究陕西省10个地级市的可持续发展水平与能力在时间序列上的动态变化过程以及空间差异特征。结果表明:(1)西部大开发为陕西省的快速发展注入了动力,城市可持续发展水平和能力整体有显著提高;但由于大开发初期,经济社会各方面存在整体发展不稳定、区域内部发展不同步以及发展成效滞后的问题,可持续发展水平在1995-2003年间波动较大,2003年以后波动趋缓,各城市的可持续发展能力波动差别不大。(2)尽管经济发展与社会发展在日趋协调,资源环境支持水平/能力仍是制约城市可持续发展水平/能力提升的关键。(3)关中地区的多数城市呈现良好的发展趋势,陕北的榆林市和延安市具有截然不同的发展状态,陕南地区的城市长期处于发展劣势地位。

关键词

可持续发展评价; 陕西省; 西部大开发; 时间变化;空间差异

引用

苏美娜, 蒋欣芸, 张婧, 李强. 西部大开发前后陕西省可持续发展状态评价.[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,52(2):178-183.

基金

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题基金资助项目(2013BAJ04B01)

分类号

X22

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.02.012

Title

Evaluating Sustainable Development Status of Shaanxi Province Before and After Development Strategy of the Western Region

Author

SU Meina, JIANG Xinyun, ZHANG jing, LI, Qiang

Affiliations

School of Resources, Beijing Normal University

Abstract

To analyze changes and spatial variations of sustainable development level and ability of 10 prefecture cities in Shaanxi Province from 1995 - 2010, around the time of west development, an evaluation system of sustainable development based on AHP is utilized. It is found that as the development of the western region gives impetus to the thriving of Shaanxi Province, the level and ability of the cities’ sustainable development improved significantly. However, the level greatly fluctuated between 1995 and 2003 because the economy was unstable and unbalanced among different regions at the first stage of west development, and the benefit of development lags behind. After 2003, the sustainable development level of all cities changed smoothly. Although the economic development and social development are becoming increasingly coordinated, the support level of natural resources and environment is still a key factor to enhance sustainable development ability in all cities. Many cities in the central Shaanxi plain are developing well in recent years. In the north, the development status of Yulin and Yan’an are completely different, and nearly all cities in the South are with inferior development level in comparison.

Key words

Sustainable development; Shaanxi Province; Western Development; Process; Spatial Variation

cite

SU Meina, JIANG Xinyun, ZHANG jing, LI, Qiang. Evaluating sustainable development status of Shaanxi Province before and after development strategy of the western region [J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science), 2016,52(2):178-183.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.02.012

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
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