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标题

黑河下游荒漠河岸林植物水分传输观测试验研究

作者

陈亚宁 李卫红 周洪华 陈亚鹏 郝兴明 付爱红 马建新

机构

中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 中国科学院荒漠与绿洲生态国家重点实验室

摘要

荒漠河岸林是长期适应干旱区内陆河流域环境的产物, 具有独特的水分利用和生存策略. 对黑河下游胡杨、 柽柳等主要荒漠河岸林植物液流、水势、木质部导水率、根系水分再分配以及植物水分来源等的测试分析表明, 在降水稀少、蒸发强烈的黑河下游, 胡杨、柽柳主要利用的是深层土壤水和地下水, 其中成熟胡杨主要吸收地下175~325 cm处土壤水和地下水供其蒸腾和生存所需;胡杨根系水力提升过程主要发生在10~70 cm土层, 蒸散导致的土壤耗水量中有10%来自根系提升的水量;植物根和枝条木质部的初始导水率(Ks0)和最大导水率(Ks, max )相对较高, 其中柽柳木质部的潜在导水能力比胡杨强;胡杨、柽柳液流速度呈单峰型, 在午后达到峰值, 黎明前水势无显著变化, 反映未受到严重水分 胁迫;黑河下游河道附近的地下水埋深大多在4m以内, 基本可以满足荒漠河岸林植物的生长发育, 黑河下游荒漠河岸林生态系统处于稳定和发展状态.

关键词

荒漠河岸林; 水分传输; 水分来源; 水力提升; 内陆河

引用

陈亚宁 李卫红 周洪华 陈亚鹏 郝兴明 付爱红 马建新. 黑河下游荒漠河岸林植物水分传输观测试验研究.[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,52(3):271-276.

基金

国家自然科学基金资助项目(91025025, 41271006)

分类号

P935

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.03.004

Title

Field experiment on water transport in desert riparian forests downstream of the Heihe River

Author

CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, ZHOU Honghua, CHEN Yapeng, HAO Xinming, FU Aihong, MA Jianxin

Affiliations

Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Abstract

Desert riparian forests are the result of long-term adapt ation to a particular environment in arid inland area, with special water use and survival strategies . In the this study the water potential , sap flow , hydraulic conductivit y , hydraulic lift , and wat er use sources of Populus euphratica and Tamarix ramosissima , major constructive species in the desert riparian forest in the lower Heihe River, were investigated. It was found that Populus euphratica and Tamarix ramosissima mainly used deep subsoil water and ground water, mature Populus euphratica in the lower reaches of the Heihe River mainly absorbed soil water and ground water at 175~325 cm for transpiration. The hydraulic lift of Populus euphratica roots mainly occurred at soil layer of 10~70 cm, where lift water accounts for 10% of water consumption. Initial and maximum hydraulic conductivity of roots and stems xylem of Populus euphratica and Tamarix ramosissima were high. Moreover, potential hydraulic conductivity of Tamarix ramosissima xylem was stronger than that of Populus euphratica xylem . Daily variation of the main trunk sap flow rate of Populus euphratica showed a unimodal distribution and reached its peak at 12 :00 LT. There was no significant change in water potential of Populus euphratica at predawn, indicating that Populus euphratica and Tamarix ramosissima did not suffer serious watr stress. Ground water depth in lower reaches of the Heihe River was within 4m, suitable for growth and development of desert riparian forest .

Key words

desert riparian forests; water transport; plant water use sources; hydraulic lift ; inland river

cite

CHEN Yaning, LI Weihong, ZHOU Honghua, CHEN Yapeng, HAO Xinming, FU Aihong, MA Jianxin. Field experiment on water transport in desert riparian forests downstream of the Heihe River [J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science), 2016,52(3):271-276.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.03.004

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn