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投稿e-mail: jbnuns_sub@bnu.edu.cn

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标题

城市公共自行车租赁点配车量优化模型研究口覆盖为例

作者

张冰琦 周 杨 李 强 陈 晋

机构

北京师范大学资源学院; 二十一世纪空间技术应用股份有限公司; 北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室

摘要

发展公共自行车日益成为许多城市低碳交通规划的重要组成部分, 公共自行车租赁点布局以及配车量分配 是充分发挥公共自行车作用的关键. 为缓解公共自行车系统实际运营中的车辆供需矛盾, 综合考虑公共自行车系统的运营成本和用车者等待时间成本, 平衡一天内高峰期和非高峰期的需求变化, 在预测公共自行车需求的基础上, 应 用排队论方法, 构建了公共自行车租赁点配车量优化模型; 并应用于北京市的部分公共自行车租赁点, 验证了模型的合理性和可行性.

关键词

城市交通; 公共自行车系统; 配车量优化

引用

张冰琦 周杨 李强 陈晋. 城市公共自行车租赁点配车量优化模型研究口覆盖为例 [J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,52(4)506-511.

基金

国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2012BAJ22B05)

分类号

U121

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.04.018

Title

Optimizing the number of bicycles in a public renting station

Author

ZHANG Bingqi, ZHOU Yang, LI Qiang, CHEN Jin

Affiliations

College of Resources Science and Technology ,Beijing Normal University; Twenty First Century Aerospace Technology Co; State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Process and Resources Ecology

Abstract

Public bicycle system (PBS) is playing an increasing role in low-carbon urban transportation . With less carbon emission and more convenience in short trips , PBS is becoming popular in cities all over the world . How to optimally allocate bicycles to a renting station is of particular importance for PBS to function properly . To address this issue , PBS was first described as a queuing model . Then , an optimization model for determining the number of bicycles in a renting station was established to minimize total cost for operators and bicycle users . Since the numbers of bicycles in some stations are not enough for use in peak hours , but are idle during off-peak hours , relative constraints were set in the model for a trade-off . Beijing was analyzed to verify effectiveness and feasibility of the model , promising results support good potential of applying the model in practice .

Key words

urban transportation ; public bicycle system; public bicycle amount optimization

cite

ZHANG Bingqi, ZHOU Yang, LI Qiang, CHEN Jin. Optimizing the number of bicycles in a public renting station [J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science), 2016,52(4):506-511.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.04.018

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn