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投稿e-mail: jbnuns_sub@bnu.edu.cn

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标题

社区灾害风险管理中政府与社会组织的博弈与合作途径初探

作者

孙燕娜; 谢恬恬; 王玉海

机构

北京师范大学资源学院

摘要

社区是应对灾害的第一线,因此加强社区灾害风险管理尤为重要。目前国内正在探索实施社区灾害风险管理工作模式,其中政府和社会组织作为社区利益相关者,是两个重要的参与主体,但在我国“强政府、弱社会”的社会背景下,政府和社会组织的合作并不顺畅,既存在“政府失灵”也存在“志愿失灵”,怎样调和政府和社会组织的合作关系是有待破解的核心问题。本文针对政府和社会组织在社区灾害风险管理中应发挥的功能作用,首先界定了政府和社会组织的角色,随后建立博弈模型模拟分析政府和社会组织的博弈关系,再结合四川省都江堰市项目案例的成功经验,提出政府购买服务以促进双方合作的救济途径。

关键词

灾害风险管理;政府;社会组织;博弈;购买服务

引用

马美红; 张书函; 王会肖; 杨会彩; 李青. 非饱和土壤水分运动参数的确定-以昆明红壤土为例.[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,52(5)616-621.

基金

国家自然科学基金资助项目(41371490)

分类号

X45

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.05.014

Title

On the game of government and NGO in risk management of community disaster and relief to promote cooperation

Author

SUN Yanna; XIE Tiantian; WANG Yuhai

Affiliations

College of Resources Science& Technology, Beijing Normal University

Abstract

Community is a first line of response to disaster, so it is important to strengthen community risk disaster management. Implementation of community disaster risk management model is being explored. Government and NGO as community stakeholders are two important participants. Under China's "strong government, weak society" social background, cooperations between government and social organizations are not smooth. Both "government failure" and "voluntary failure" exist. How to reconcile government and social organizations has become core issues to be addressed. Functions and roles of government and NGO in risk management of community disasters are ascertained. Game model simulation analysis of government and social organization was established. The successful experience of Dujiangyan province Sichuan was analyzed. It is proposed that government could purchase services, to promote cooperation between the two.

Key words

Disaster management; government; NGO; game; purchase service

cite

SUN Yanna; XIE Tiantian; WANG Yuhai.On the game of government and NGO in risk management of community disaster and relief to promote cooperation [J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science), 2016,52(5):616-621.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.05.014

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn