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标题

我国公众对气候变化的认知

作者

王钟秀 董文杰

机构

纽约大学心理系; 北京师范大学地表与生态国家重点实验室

摘要

应对气候变化是我国发展战略之一,也是国际社会关注的热点科学问题之一。巴黎协议是人类应对气候变化的新起点,但如何有效引导公众积极参与应对气候变化,研究公众对气候变化认知是很必要的。本文对比分析多家机构针对我国公众关于气候变化认知的调查结果,发现:我国公众对于气候变化事实的了解较清晰,关注度较高,对政府的信任度、依赖度较高,个人应对气候变化的意愿高,但对于气候变化到底是什么只有模糊认识,对气候变化原因和科学机制认识不足。基于以上分析,我们认为未来我国气候变化公众认知研究应着重两方面:一是组织多学科的较大规模的公众气候变化认知综合调查,以获取更充分更全面的数据;二是构建高效的气候变化科学知识传播体系,切实解决气候变化科学认知和公众认知的一致性。

关键词

气候变化;公众认知;中国公众;文献分析

引用

王钟秀 董文杰. 我国公众对气候变化的认知.[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,52(6):714-721.

基金

国家自然科学基金资助项目(41575001);国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFA0602703)

分类号

K90

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.06.008

Title

Public perception of climate change in China

Author

WANG Zhongxiu, DONG Wenji

Affiliations

Department of Psychology, New York University; State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University

Abstract

To cope with climate change is one of the most widely recognized scientific issues today. To help guide the general public, it is essential to investigate their perception of climate change. Comparison and analysis of several previous studies on the issue have revealed that most Chinese citizens are aware of global warming, are personally concerned with the issue, but they deeply trust and heavily rely on the government to cope with climate change. The Chinese public has only very vague understanding of the scientific substance of climate change, and of the causes and mechanisms behind it. There are also problems with existing studies, such as biased sampling. With the above analysis two suggestions are provided. Multidisciplinary research should be conducted, with larger and more representative samples. More effective media system should be established to spread scientific knowledge on climate change.

Key words

climate change, public perception, Chinese public, literature analysis

cite

WANG Zhongxiu, DONG Wenji. Public perception of climate change in China[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science), 2016,52(6):714-721.

DOI

10.16360/j.cnki.jbnuns.2016.06.008

Copyright © 2014 Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science)
Designed by Mr. Sun Chumin. Email: cmsun@mail.bnu.edu.cn